Acne: Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is acne?
Acne is a very common skin infection, which is caused due to excess sebum production from the sebaceous glands. The skin pores are obstructed due to the presence of excessive sebum and dead skin cells. This makes your skin suitable for the development of bacterial infections, resulting in the formation of bumps full of pus on your face.
2. When is the onset of acne?
The onset of acne is usually at the beginning of puberty. However, there are cases that acne appears in adult life, as well as cases in which acne continues during adult life. In more rare cases acne may be present during infancy and childhood.
3. What causes acne?
There are many factors that may be involved in the onset of acne, depending on the age on onset and each person’s skin type. Hormonal imbalance, follicular hyperkeratinisation, and bacterial infection are included among these factors.
4. What can I do for the treatment of acne?
The best thing you can do for the successful and safe treatment of acne is to visit a specialised dermatologist. There are many available treatment options for acne, either using medications, or in a natural way, without medications, through Photodynamic Therapy (PDT).
5. Is it difficult to find an effective treatment for my acne?
A specialised dermatologist can help you choose the right treatment regimen for the management of acne, depending on the influencing factors in your case, as well as the type of acne and your skin type.
6. Can diet cause or influence the progress of acne?
There are many views regarding the influence of diet on acne. According to the international literature, the role of diet on acne pathogenesis is still unclear. For many years, the elimination of various foods was suggested, such as chocolate, soft drinks, milk, and fatty foods. Recently, the association between milk consumption and development of acne has been explored, with some studies suggesting a positive association, possibly related to a combination of exogenous hormones and growth factors, and stimulation of endogenous hormones. Moreover, according to certain studies, the consumption of carbohydrates is associated with the onset of acne. In any case, more research studies should be conducted to further clarify the relationship between diet and acne.
7. Is it useful to see a doctor in case I present acne?
The best thing you can do for the treatment of acne is to visit a dermatologist, who is a specialist and can help you decide on the most appropriate therapeutic scheme for you, depending on acne severity and your skin type. The dermatologist can help you decide whether it is better to take medications or follow a drug-free treatment regimen.
8. When should I visit the dermatologist?
If you feel bad due to acne, if your acne is getting worst, if you start noticing scarring, if you have large cysts below your skin’s surface, if acne is severe and it also affects other parts of your body (e.g. chest or back), and if you are a woman and acne gets worst while your menstrual cycle is abnormal and/or you have excessive hair.
9. What should I do if scars due to acne have already been formed?
In many cases acne leads to scarring, i.e. the formation of scars. This is why acne should be treated correctly from the beginning. Both timely treatment of acne using the most advanced dermatological methods and avoiding pushing acne lesions with our hands are particularly important. Therefore, a specialised dermatologist can help you not only to avoid scarring, but also to eliminate the scars in cases of severe acne.
10. Which make-up products should I use?
You should be very careful when selecting make-up products, as their use is very likely to worsen acne or even cause acne. You should ask a specialist, a dermatologist, who can suggest the correct make-up products depending on your skin type and the severity of acne, which will give you the desired aesthetic result, while protecting your skin. And, of course, you should never forget to remove all make-up every night.
11. Which cosmetic products are right for me?
The cosmetic products you use should not be comedogenic, i.e. they should not promote the formation of blackheads and white spots. The use of inappropriate cosmetic products containing ingredients like vegetable oils and the incorrect cleaning of your face every day can lead to skin pores’ obstruction and the onset of acne. In any case, your dermatologist is the specialist, who can guide you in selecting the appropriate cosmetic products.