In most cases, the onset of acne is during puberty, and it is the first sign of increased production of hormones.
Acne is likely to be affected by the use of inappropriate cosmetics and sun protection products. Acne in adolescence is so common that it has been characterised as a normal condition for this period of a young person’s life. However, despite the fact that acne occurs in the majority of teenagers, this alone does not help young males and females to feel better, especially at this stage of their lives.
Acne staging is performed according to the clinical examination by the dermatologist, using the modern and effective system of skin analysis, VISIA. VISIA allows identifying, determining and accurately assessing the skin’s lesions and the needs of the skin.
Skin analysis using VISIA allows for the regular monitoring of the treatment regimen so that it can be modified according to treatment progress. Depending on each patient’s clinical condition, a special microscopic examination is performed for the identification of the Demodex folliculorum mite, which is related to the occurrence of rosacea. In teenage girls with severe, resistant or persistent acne, especially if there are abnormalities in their menstrual cycle and hirsutism (abnormal growth of hair on a woman’s face and body), a special laboratory examination should be performed as well as a transvaginal ovarian ultrasound to exclude hyperandrogenism (androgen excess).
Acne Treatment in Adolescence
There are many treatment options for the management of acne during adolescence, including the oral administration of drugs, such as antibiotics, as well as the use of topical agents. However, there are many teenagers who do not want or should not take medication as this antibiotic use, appropriate or not, contributes to the development of antibiotic resistance. There are also the possible side effects caused by medication to consider.
Phototherapy is a modern, safe and effective method for the treatment of acne without medication. It can be applied during months with high levels of sunshine. At IQ clinics, personalised therapeutic protocols are applied based on the needs of the teenager’s skin and organism, taking into account their age and gender, in order for the acne scarring to be treated effectively:
- diagnosis and monitoring of the treatment progress through the VISIA Complexion Analysis
- management of acne through a treatment without medication
- specialised and individualised photodynamic therapy protocols
- significant improvement of the appearance and long-lasting results
- application of Photodynamic therapy during the summer
- advice on how to properly take care of the skin with acne as well as the use of proper cosmetic and cleansing products.
However, many adolescents do not fully comply with the therapeutic protocol, the continuous and meticulous care of the skin with acne is mandatory. In any case, treatment of adolescent acne and acne scarring should be a mild and gradual process, in order to achieve the desired long-term effect as well as skin improvement.